eBook Greg King Ô eBook The Assassination of the Archduke Sarajevo 1914 and the Ô kairafanan.co

Drawing on unpublished letters and rare primary sources King and Woolmans tell the true story behind the tragic romance and brutal assassination that sparked World War IIn the summer of 1914 three great empires dominated Europe Germany Russia and Austria Hungary Four years later all had vanished in the chaos of World War I One event precipitated the conflict and at its hear was a tragic love story When Austrian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand married for love against the wishes of the emperor he and his wife Sophie were humiliated and shunned yet they remained devoted to each other and to their children The two bullets fired in Sarajevo not only ended their love story but also led to war and a century of conflictSet against a backdrop of glittering privilege The Assassination of the Archduke combines royal history touching romance and political murder in a moving portrait of the end of an era One hundred years after the event it offers the startling truth behind the Sarajevo assassinations including Serbian complicity and examines rumors of conspiracy and official negligence Events in Sarajevo also doomed the couple’s children to lives of loss exile and the horrors of Nazi concentration camps their plight echoing the horrors unleashed by their parents’ deaths Challenging a century of myth The Assassination of the Archduke resonates as a very human story of love destroyed by murder revolution and war


10 thoughts on “The Assassination of the Archduke Sarajevo 1914 and the Romance that Changed the World

  1. says:

    Debris flew windows shattered and the crowd erupted in screams at the unexpected explosion Sophie raised a hand to her neck where a splinter left its mark Franz commanded the vehicle to stop amidst the panic and mayhem in the streets while spectators caught up with the assailant shouting I am a Serbian hero All was well again they thought and the motorcade proceeded to their destination On the second lag of the motorcade's procession through the streets of Sarajevo nineteen year old Gavrilo Princip readied his pistoleeny meeny miney moe where I aimed I do not know Three shots One pierced straight through Franz Ferdinand's plumed helmet and as Sophie turned to him registering the blood trickling down his mouth she too contorted and slumped over It was fourteen years to the day of their marriage on June 28th 1914 when the heir apparent to the Hapsburg throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Este and his wife Sophie Duchess of Hohenberg were murdered in what was clearly a choreographed but badly executed series of attacks considered to have been the catalyst that ignited the First World War The scar of culpability was branded into the Serbian government like original sin guilty by its blatant disregard of constant rumors of a murder conspiracy and its inexcusable neglect in taking measures for high level security for the royals Joint conspiracies across nations were suspected trying to account for the incredible ease in which the government was blindsided by a young homicidal group of amateurs; even the Archduke had premonitions of his death prior to this very visit but allowed his fears to be allayed by those he trusted So utterly tragic too was the accidental death of Sophie who took a bullet meant for the Archduke her death a regrettable mistake her assassin later confessed In this year of the 100th anniversary of the Sarajevo murders biographers Greg King and Sue Woolmans have given a different view of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie Chotek concentrating on their romance by painting a sympathetic story of a fairy tale couple who against the disdain of imperial convention were determined to be together in life and death a tale that Princess Sophie von Hohenberg Franz's and Sophie's great granddaughter acknowledges has been long awaited and a righteous justified impression Historically the Archduke's character and actions have been highly unpopular among many in both Vienna's and Budapest's circles An aristocrat through and through he was arrogant militaristic an openly vocal anti Semite harbored an unveiled hatred for the Magyars and accused of political tyranny What he personified was a prosperous but antiuated empire a monarch in waiting whose politics and ideology were often contradictory who held tightly to the reins of imperious power while his public feared he would become an extension of Emperor Franz Josef's iron rule positioned obscurely between corruption and barbarismKing and Woolmans focused on the personal side of Franz Ferdinand who suffered frail health since childhood often plagued by 'bad lungs' He was introverted studious isolated as a youngster and very much overshadowed by his siblings He grew to be an attentive father and family man; married for love a devoted husband and profoundly loyal to his 'dear Soph' Sophie's tale is heartbreaking and of the two hers is the captivating human and realistic Although born into nobility herself her family was not considered an eual of the likes of the Imperial Hapsburg House judged thusly as an inferior incomprehensible ill match for the archduke Imperial decree demanded that in order to marry Sophie Franz Ferdinand had to swear that any offspring would irrevocably have no right to succession the conseuences are that the marriage cannot be regarded as one between euals and that the children springing from it can never be regarded as rightful children entitled to the rights of members of Our House Emperor Franz JosefAlmost daily since their morganatic marriage Sophie was made to endure unspeakable humiliation regarded with contempt and suffered constant horrendous treatment by the imperial court How she kept control of her self respect through all that aristo crap is evidence of her indomitable fortitude and than eual worthTheir Cinderella story survived the most strenuously unnerving of imperial prejudices in an increasing politically unstable period for the empire albeit to an unhappy ending one fateful midsummer's day in the seminal event that triggered the most horrifying domino effect of seuences sadly leaving Franz's and Sophie's three children orphaned to endure the condemned world their murder precipitated Franz's prophetic and determined words declared years prior had finally come true even death will not part us Part history part romance this biography was an illuminating view of the other side of Franz Ferdinand although after reading on the period that led to the tyrannicide I'm not totally convinced that his character and politics were completely faultless However peering into the personal lives of the first fatal victims of WWI through King's and Woolmans's well constructed scope was uite an intriguing and worthwhile learning experience


  2. says:

    While I was listening to this book well narrated by Malcolm Hillgartner I enjoyed it very much That ought to mean four stars but as I thought about the book later I realized I had some reservationsIt was extremely interesting to learn about the life of Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated at Sarajevo the spark that ignited WW1 Learning about the troubles that already existed in the Balkans and the relationships between The Austrian Hungarian Empire and the Russians was enlightening and thorough Learning about Franz Ferdinand's morganatic marriage with his wife Sophie was eye opening I had never been acuainted with the concept of such a marriage Wiki defines a morganatic marriage in this way In the context of royalty a morganatic marriage is a marriage between people of uneual social rank which prevents the passage of the husband's titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage In this book you see in personal terms the suffering that such a marriage causes What we learn about the family is through letters that remain and through the known actions that were taken The reader does not get a firsthand account of how the characters' thoughts although you do clearly come to understand how they must have thought given their actions Still one is not 100% sureThere is a lot about the splendor of the royalty about the food eaten the clothing worn and the manners of this class Even Sophie was of a class that we today would consider posh but she wasn't good enough for the Emperor's successorThe relationship between Franz Ferdinand and his uncle Franz Joseph the Emperor was icy troubled and complicated Again all of this is shown through what each character did to the other than what they said to the other The reader looks on Somehow I never felt I was in the head of any one of the central characters The reason I have withdrawn a star or two why I enjoyed the book but didn't love it was this distance I always felt to the characters I was being told through actions rather than feeling their emotions In addition I feel the book presents Franz Ferdinand favorably than is realistic His positive characteristics are emphasized over his faults Thirdly there are uestions that the reader has that are not adeuately explained For example a definition of a morganatic marriage at the beginning of the book would have been helpful Another instance is why the Nazi's put the couple's children in concentration camps This could have been clearly explained Yeah you figure it out but it took me awhile and maybe I have not understood correctly I wish this had been spelled out clearly And perhaps I simply enjoy reading about the commoners than people of royal status I just felt a bit uncomfortable with all the posh life style And the hunting The sport as it was viewed by Franz Ferdinand is hard to stomach But that is who he was and this is a book of non fictionI learned a lot and the book makes you ponder what would have happened had he been killed at a hunting match before he could ever have been assassinated by the Bosnian Serb Gavrilo Princip And who was behind his assassination? Austrians? All of this is fascinating


  3. says:

    An extremely interesting and well written book about the cause of the start of WWI Think and feel what you will about Franz Ferdinand Sophie and the Habsburgs Good or bad you are certainly entitled to your opinion This book however is so well worth reading I hope you will give it a try and enjoy it as much as I did


  4. says:

    A crowd immediately surrounded Princip Baron Morsey rushed forward cavalry sabre drawn Spectators were beating Princip; when Morsey saw that he still held the gun he turned the hilt of his sword against him hitting him until the pistol clattered to the pavement Princip managed to pull the vial of cyanide from his pocket and swallow the contents before it too was knocked from his hand Like that used earlier that day by Čabrinović it failed to kill him apparently having lost its potency The attempt on Franz Ferdinand's life had been successful and as Princip was bundled away the ripples from Sarajevo started and grew in just over a month to a tidal wave that saw the major European powers locked into a war that brought death destruction and misery to millions over 4 long yearsBut this book is not of that war It is about the events leading up to it and in essence is about a man his wife and their children It is a royal love story; a couple's love for each other and their family framed within a powerful dynasty that held traditions dear and measured and treated people by family standing and royal dynastic connectionThe book is a thoroughly enjoyable read that through diaries official papers press and first person accounts ably gives the reader an insight into the life of Archduke Franz FerdinandThe authors Greg King and Sue Woolmans clearly like their subjects no pun intended and provide ample descriptions of the archduke as a man husband and father He is temperamental and impatient; friendly and kind; fiery yet shy and astute and keen for reform Weave in his beloved wife Sophie who comes across as a sensible kind and dignified women but who was not of the right blood or high family connection and was treated abominably by Ferdinand's uncle Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I his courtiers and government officials and servants and you have the royal love storyFranz Ferdinand was not expected to be a future emperor but family circumstances and tragedy changed this He was educated and brought up as royalty were across Europe in the 19th Century He toured hunted collected courted and joined the military The matches were not to his liking until he connected with Sophie and they became attracted to each other and despite advice cajoling sustained character assassinations and threats of disenfranchisement they married Franz Ferdinand was devoted to his wife in modern terms she might be described as best friend his rock and sounding board and she to him The children were greatly loved and there are many touching examples in the book of physical verbal and written expressions of love joy and contentment they gave their parentsPolitically Franz Ferdinand remains somewhat of a mystery There was some coverage but I had really wanted to understand deeply his views his work and involvement in the military and government For example we know Ferdinand had plans for a federal Austro Hungarian empire based on the USA's model that he had seen as a young man not something the emperor was ever likely to mandate He knew well the current model was broken and could not be sustained without far reaching change He also had no wish for war with Russia and was keen to build further relations with states such as Rumania and he was on good personal terms with the Kaiser George V and many other heads of state More depth and discussion on his thoughts and his work here would have lifted this very good book to a full 5 stars The authors' description of the events including Ferdinand's nervousness at visiting Sarajevo and the dreadfully inept security planning leading up to and the assassination itself is also very well done As in the broader book these events are built out through diaries and first person uotes from interviews papers and formal enuiries The atmosphere builds and I willed the archduke to make his team change course or remain at the hotel so Sophie and he would live I liked them it is true but of course it wasn't going to happen Near the end of the book the lives of the family after the assassination is also well done and tragedy continues with incarceration in Nazi concentration camps forced military service loss of property and belongings and Russian prisoner of war camps all loom large One of the lessons for me from this book is that the Archduke was an intelligent and far astute man than his dinosaur of an uncle His wife was not the scheming or power grabbing tyrant portrayed by the archduke's people and cultivated by his media and indeed something I have read in other books over the years Had he not been assassinated history may have been different As a study of how the Great War started I would recommend reading this book alongside political and wider ranging books on the events leading up to the start of the war As a royal love story it is a gem and one I highly recommendFranz Ferdinand has to some extent been pictured as a buffoon and minor royal by history Yet he had the sense to not want war and perhaps the connections and influence to stop conflict He was uoted as saying “What would be the point of fighting Russia? Not even Napoleon could succeed And if we beat Russia which to my mind is totally out of the uestion a victory like that would still be the greatest tragedy for the Austrian monarchy” At a dinner he said “To peace What would we have had from a war with Serbia? We’d lose the lives of young men and we’d spend money better spent elsewhere And what for heaven’s sake would we gain? Some plum trees and goat pastures full of shit and a bunch of rebellious killers” 45 stars


  5. says:

    This was an entertaining enough evocation of the last days of imperial Austria but the authors' take on the complex political and international situation was absurdly simplistic when not altogether incorrect and their obvious biases were not suffiently supported and admitted no shades of gray It's not enough to claim that Franz Ferdinand was a great guy who was tragically misunderstood even if his servants did love him space for eye roll Their cause would in fact have been better served if they examined and admitted evidence to the contrary Similarly in regard to the big picture their laughably revisionist take on situations needed much support if they wanted to convince anyone I was startled indeed to learn that the Kaiser counseled against a European war and that it was all Franz Josef's fault But Franz Josef was a bad guy y'know while the Kaiser was on good terms with St Franz Ferdinand and St Sophie The final insult for this small r republican was the authors' taking up cudgels in favor of the current crop of great grandchildren of the tragic couple and their attempt to regain the long lost castle in the Czech republic which was taken over by the new Czech government in the early 20s Ask me how much I care that people who still swan around calling themselves princess and have never known privation don't own a castle lost to their forebears a century ago At every step of te judicial process up to and including the European court they've lost And yet that's been a series of wrong decisions apparently In any case in the context of the incredible human tragedy of the 20th century in central Europe the authors' overwhelming sympathy and support for this lost cause come across as misplaced at best and outrageously offensive on the face of it Two stars is generous


  6. says:

    Next year will see the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie in Sarajevo It was an event which changed history without their assassination this book asks would there have been WWI the Russian Revolution or later Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union? History reverberates with the effects of this couple's deaths; but what is actually known of them? In this extremely readable history book authors Greg King and Sue Woolmans looks at a love affair which was resisted and resented by many They tell the story of the heir to the Austro Hungarian empire who wed his beloved Sophie against massive resistance and give the human background to a political storyFranz Ferdinand became the heir of Franz Josef I Emperor of Austria on the suicide of the Emperor's son Rudolf; followed shortly by the death of his own father from typhoid Franz Josef never seemed to accept Franz Ferdinand as his heir presumptive and their difficulties were increased by a romance which would rock the very foundations of the Hapsburg monarch when Franz Ferdinand fell deeply in love with Sophie Chotek lady in waiting to Princess Isabella of Croy Sophie was beautiful intelligent and vivacious but she was not considered eual to the heir of the Hapsburg throne Princess Isabella had invited Franz Ferdinand to her home with the intent of marrying the most eligible bachelor to her eldest daughter and was enraged when she realised that he had fallen for Sophie when she discovered he had left his pocket watch behind she opened it and found her picture inside The insult was never forgiven and Princess Isabella became the wicked stepmother of the `Cinderella story of their romanceIn this book we read of how Franz Ferdinand fought to be allowed to marry Sophie how she was threatened insulted and humiliated Their marriage was morganatic which meant any children they had would be barred from the succession Permission for even this marriage was given unwillingly Sophie was resented and suffered many petty humiliations Both during and after their lifetime there were many rumours about the couple Suggestions that Sophie was desperate for power or that Franz Ferdinand and Kaiser Wilhelm planned to carve up the European continent between them so that Franz Ferdinand's sons would become kings in their own right abounded The humiliations heaped on Sophie such as banging a door in her face as she approached a ballroom led to the couple avoiding the season in Vienna and their distance led to speculation about their behaviour and motives It is notable though that as it seemed likely Franz Ferdinand would replace an ageing Franz Josef attitudes softened Certainly Kaiser Wilhelm and the British royal family were amongst those who were willing to accept Sophie and receive Franz Ferdinand's gratitudeIt is fascinating to read about the trip to Sarajevo which resulted in the couple's assassination Why did they visit on St Vitus's Day a Serb national holiday marking the 1389 battle of Kosova when every Serb vowed revenge against foreign intruders? Why visit such a volatile situation and hostile place at such a time? Again why was the security so insufficient? The book takes us through that day and the aftermath Even after the murders petty humiliation was poured onto Sophie; causing widespread indignation at the disrespect shown to herWe then read of the outbreak of war and its aftermath; leaving Europe changed forever with the Romanov and Hapsburg dynasty swept away and Kaiser Wilhelm in exile It also follows what happened to the children of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie little Sophie Max and Ernst including tragedy in the second world war This then is the personal story of a devoted couple of how their assassination led to a changed Europe and the impact of those events nearly one hundred years ago It is interesting to note though that even in this book Sophie is not mentioned in the title the assassination of the Archduke ignores the fact that despite the very real threat of assassination Sophie refused to leave his side and was killed alongside him It is a little sad to see her side lined even in this fact although I suspect she would have understood However this is a very readable account of events and a sympathetic portrait of a couple who were devoted to each other


  7. says:

    Much of Europe viewed the scattered Balkan provinces states and principalities as something of a perpetual menace 'Some damn foolish thing in the Balkans' German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck predicted would sooner or later plunge all of Europe into a general war On June 28 1914 the heir to the throne of Austria Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated by a Serbian terrorist in Sarajevo This was the spark that set off a conflict between Austria and Serbia drawing in the major countries of Europe due to their alliances resulting in World War IThis biography centers on the relationships between Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his family especially Sophie The reactionary Emperor of Austria Hungary Franz Josef was not happy to have his nephew Franz Ferdinand as his heir Franz Ferdinand was conservative arrogant and militaristic but he wanted to reform the Austrian Empire by having the numerous states under federal control similar to the system in the United States But it was doubtful if the Hungarians would give up any power and agree to that plan The archduke also did not have the personality of a popular leader and looked down on the Hungarians and SlavsEmperor Franz Josef was even upset when Franz Ferdinand chose Sophie Chotek as his wife Sophie came from an aristocratic Bohemian family but she was not a Habsburg or from one of the reigning European families She was serving as a lady in waiting to a Habsburg archduchess Eventually they were allowed to marry if Franz Ferdinand agreed to a morganatic marriage where the archduke's titles and privileges would not pass on to his wife and children since they were of uneual rank Sophie was made Princess later Duchess of Hohenberg but was treated in a humiliating manner by the court because of her uneual status Her serene disposition helped her to behave with grace and dignityThe archduke and his beautiful wife were a romantic loving couple and affectionate parents to their three children King George V and ueen Mary of Great Britain and Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany arranged several private meetings with the couple The archduke enjoyed their friendships and appreciated their kind treatment of his wifeThe book has uite a bit of detail about the events leading up to that fateful day in Sarajevo June 28 was St Vitus's Day or Vitovdanthe Serb national holiday marking the 1389 battle of Kosovo when the Turkish army had reduced Serbia to vassals of the Ottoman Empire It was a day on which every Serb vowed revenge against unwelcome foreign intruders when every Serb nationalist would fight for Greater Serbia The book raised the uestion of whether the Austrians played a role in setting up the archduke without adeuate security We'll never know the answer but it could have been an opportunity to get rid of an unpopular heir to the throneThe authors wrote a very readable biography of the archduke They had access to unpublished letters provided by the archduke's grandchildren The archduke's personal life as a husband and father is presented in a very favorable light The book also chronicles the difficult lives of the children after their parents' deaths uite a bit of history is incorporated into the book especially about Austria But scholarly books should be read by anyone wanting a complete picture of the conflicts brewing leading up to World War I 3 12 stars rounding up to 4 stars


  8. says:

    Find this and other reviews at final years of Hapsburg Monarchy were marked by tragedy The execution of Maximilian I the premature death of Archduchess Sophie the suicide of Crown Prince Rudolf and the murder of Empress Elisabeth took a heavy toll on the family but these events pale in comparison to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie Chotek Duchess of Hohenberg in Sarajevo on June 28 1914Sifting through decades of rumor and speculation Greg King and Sue Woolmans carefully detail the political and private lives of the couple whose killing would catapult the globe into the throws of WWI Through a simultaneous examination of Vienna's bureaucratic circus and the fairy tale romance that played out against it The Assassination of the Archduke paints an intimate portrait of this well known though largely enigmatic pair of royals I honestly have nothing but admiration for this this title I consumed the it in less than forty eight hours and even now two days later am still utterly captivated The bare bones of the story were of course familiar but the insight into Franz Ferdinand's personality his values influences and political agenda is unrivaled by any text currently available Choosing to look beyond the political position that was their death warrant King and Woolmans humanize the Archduke and his wife and in so doing bring truly uniue perspective to their woeful demise and the repercussions suffered by their descendants long after their deaths This kind of in depth historical nonfiction doesn't come along every day Challenging long held perceptions King and Woolmans back their thesis with a wealth of information from family members and rare primary sources shedding new light on the couple their marriage and event that immortalized their names in the annals of world history


  9. says:

    After reading this I want to travel back in time and smack people What is done in this book is great The loss of a couple of a devoted couple is highlighted not as a spark that set off a war but as a family loss That gets over looked when talking about this killing You also feel so sorry for Sophie who it seems was a real lady in the true sense of that wordWonderful


  10. says:

    What do we know about World War I much less about how it started? I remembered from some long ago history class that somebody got shot in Sarajevo all the European countries were bound by alliances and had to fight each other and the Tsar and his family were shot Maybe I got some of that last from Dr Zhivago what a movieHowever like most of history the situation was much complicated than that and – surprise – people real people were involved In this case two people were assassinated by Serbian terrorists Two people who loved each other deeply and had defied the very imposing very petty and very obsolete Franz Joseph Emperor of Austria Apostolic King of Hungary King of Bohemia King of Croatia King of Galicia and Lodomeria and Grand Duke of Cracow by marrying It was a morganatic marriage a marriage between people of uneual social rank which prevents the passage of the husband's titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage Probably the most famous example in modern times the marriage took place in 1900 marriage when the heir to the throne of Austria Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand wed Bohemian aristocrat Countess Sophie Chotek von Chotkowa The marriage was initially resisted by Emperor Franz Joseph I but after pressure from family members and other European rulers he relented in 1899 but did not attend the wedding himself The bride was made Princess later Duchess of Hohenberg their children took their mother's new name and rank and were excluded from the imperial successionThe Hapsburgs once one of the most powerful families in Europe were in decline by the end of the 19th century Inbreeding separation of branches of the family and disunity among countries all contributed to the “Twilight of the Habsburgs” title of a biograph of Franz Joseph by Alan Palmer The last Habsburg Otto von Habsburg died in 2011 At age 98 von Habsburg brought to a close 640 years of European historySophie was treated as though she was invisible by the Hapsburgs and was omitted from most royal events Deeply religious Catholic she seems to have been able to forgive this and find comfort and love with her husband and three children Franz Ferdinand and Sophie profoundly loved each other and their children Franz Ferdinand was the Emperor’s nephew and would not have been heir to the throne if it had not been for the scandalous murdersuicide of Franz Joseph’s son Rudolf at Mayerling in 1889 According to official reports their deaths were a result of Franz Joseph's demand that the couple end the relationship the Crown Prince as part of a suicide pact first shot his mistress in the head and then himself Rudolf was officially declared to have been in a state of mental unbalance in order to enable Christian burial in the Imperial Crypt Kapuzinergruft of the Capuchin Church in Vienna Mary's body was smuggled out of Mayerling in the middle of the night and secretly buried in the village cemetery at Heiligenkreuz Whether this is what actually happened is still unsettled 124 years after the event The continuing theme in this book is that Franz Ferdinand was misunderstood; the foreword was written by the Archduke’s great granddaughter who uotes the Archduke’s daughter explaining why she answers uestions posted by journalists “But I must defend him” “him” being her father He was not a personable man and was reclusive to a great degree Some of this can be explained by the treatment given his wife Sophie He preferred to be with her than attending official events to which she was barred On the other hand Franz Ferdinand was a great friend of Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany and had an excellent relationship with King George VWhy did the Archduke and his wife go to Sarajevo? Why was there so little military or police protection for them? Oskar Potiorek an officer of the Austro Hungarian Army who served as Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina was responsible for Franz Ferdinand and Sophie’s stay in Sarajevo He was clearly negligent in providing adeuate protection for the royal visitors He rejected numerous recommendations for providing safety for the two Was this incompetence or part of the conspiracy to assassinate the couple? These are uestions that perplex historians 100 years after the factFranz Joseph was completely uninterested in the deaths He gave every impression of pleasure at the death of his nephew and heir However as the Emperor of Austria Hungary he had to do something Austria Hungary like many in countries around the world blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the uestion of Slav nationalism once and for all As Russia supported Serbia an Austro Hungarian declaration of war was delayed until its leaders received assurances from German leader Kaiser Wilhelm that Germany would support their cause in the event of a Russian intervention–which would likely involve Russia's ally France and possibly Britain as well On July 28 Austria Hungary declared war on Serbia and the tenuous peace between Europe's great powers collapsed Within a week Russia Belgium France Great Britain and Serbia had lined up against Austria Hungary and Germany and World War I had begunFranz Ferdinand and Sophie’s children suffered greatly after their parents’ death Unrecognized by the Hapsburgs they were shuffled among Sophie’s family never knowing stability When Hitler came to power the sons were sent to Dachau where they almost died Their lives after World War II saw lossThe causes and conseuences of World War I remain with us today For example the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and its divisions by the European nations are with us even now in Syria Ira Iran and the other countries of the Middle East This is history that we need to know I recommend this book as one element of the history of the 20th and 21st centuries